How to grow wisteria

Posted in Garden

2 Jul
How to grow wisteria image 1

How to grow wisteria

A senior gardener at Holland Park, which arguably has some of the best wisteria on view in London comments "Wisteria is a deciduous plant; as such, planting in autumn or early spring is best practice. This allows the plant's root system to establish before foliage, flower and seed production is required. You’re also avoiding the potential hot and dry conditions of summer and freezing conditions of winter, both of which would require further preparation and maintenance in order for the plant to start off well in its new location."

Where to plant your wisteria

Plant in moist, fertile, well drained soil and in full sun, however wisteria will grow in semi-shade. All wisteria looks beautiful growing over a pergola with seating below or growing over the front or rear of your home. If you choose to grow your wisteria over your home you will need to install wire support. These need to be strong and secure as the plant will become heavy in years to come. By installing wire support, the wisteria will grow onto the wire instead of growing over downpipes and aerials which will cause long term damage. Wisteria will also grow into windows and climb to the roof of your property. This can be stopped by pruning at different times throughout the summer.

Pruning your wisteria

Pruning is key to any flowering wisteria, and it is recommended to hard prune in late winter, usually February to reduce each shoot (previous year's growth) back to a few buds from the main stems. This will promote a framework of flowering spurs over time which maximises the quantity of flowers produced. Throughout the first few seasons whilst the plant is growing and establishing, training and pruning is beneficial so as to ensure the desired structure or shape is achieved. A second prune is needed "again in summer (July-August). Cut back the whippy green shoots of the current year's growth to five or six leaves after flowering. This pruning helps prevent the wisteria growing into windows, roofs, and gutters - which is something you'll definitely want to avoid.

When do you expect flowers to appear?

Flowering time is around April to June for established plants. For newly planted specimens however, first-time flowering will be dependent on variables such as: the age and size of the plant purchased, whether it was grown from seed or via grafting (as stated by the RHS, seed-grown wisteria can take up to 20 years to flower) and planting conditions (e.g. aspect and soil type and health). Wisteria can take between 8-15 years to flower so my best tip would be to always buy one that is in flower! Grafted plants can flower from a young age, whereas many cheaper seedlings may never flower at all.

What should you feed your wisteria?

Wisteria like to be treated hard, and a fertiliser high in nitrogen will encourage leafy growth at the expense of flowers, so if feeding, then I'd advise using a rose feed or other feed which is designed to promote flowering, and in very well drained soils add sulphate of potash as they do need soil that retains moisture during dry periods. Since they are commonly grown against walls, drought conditions can often be a problem for them.

Where can you see wisteria?

Holland Park is of course an excellent place to wander and capture the beauty of the wisteria, and Jesus College in Cambridge is swathed in purple flowers for part of the year. While outside of Japan, a few noted places to see Wisteria would be Hampton Court Palace, Waterperry Gardens in Oxfordshire, or if you're in Paris, then try the bar bistro Au Vieux Paris d'Arcole which has a magnificent specimen growing up its facade.

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